The MMT Language and System

Structural Delimiters

The only unusual aspect of MMT’s default concrete syntax is the use of the characters ASCII 28-31 as structural delimiters. These are usually considered whitespace, and most fonts do not even have glyphs for them. Therefore, typing and displaying them depends on the editor and font used.

The advantage of these delimiters is that they do not clash with any other delimiters used by notations, lexing rules, or external formats that are integrated with MMT. Therefore, they permit near-perfect error recovery during parsing, orthogonality of language features, and combining different languages in the same file.

Every delimiter marks the end of a declaration or a component of a declaration.

Symbol in jEdit Delimiter Name in ASCII Marks end of Comment
GS ASCII 29 Module Delimiter Modules any declaration that has nested declarations, i.e., theory, view, structure etc.
RS ASCII 30 Declaration Delimiter Declarations in particular includes and constants. Redundant if end of module follows
US ASCII 31 Object Delimiter Components of declarations in particular type, definiens, notation of a constant. Redundant if end of declaration follows.

Note that these form a hierarchy of nested levels and that we can think of SPACE as the 5th level delimiter, which marks the end of a keyword.

In jEdit

The jEdit plugin offers three ways to insert these non-standard symbols.

  • MMT adds buttons for all three delimiters to the toolbar of jEdit:


    • O inserts the object delimiter,
    • D inserts the declaration delimiter,
    • M inserts the module delimiter.
  • via the menu option Plugins > MMTPlugin > Insert <DELIMITER>
  • via the predefined abbreviations:
    • jOD (formerly jUS) for the object delimiter,
    • jDD (formerly jRS) for the declaration delimiter,
    • jMD (formerly jGS) for the module delimiter.

You can modify (or add new) abbreviations in Extras > Global Options > Abbreviations.